Income-tax is to be paid by every person. The term ‘person’ as defined under the Income-tax Act under
covers in its ambit natural as well as artificial persons.
For the purpose of charging Income-tax, the term ‘person’ includes Individual, Hindu Undivided Families [HUFs], Association of Persons [AOPs], Body of individuals [BOIs], Firms, LLPs, Companies, Local authority and any artificial juridical person not covered under any of the above.
Thus, from the definition of the term ‘person’ it can be observed that, apart from a natural person,
an individual, any sort of artificial entity will also be liable to pay Income-tax.